If you didn't finish high school, and are now finding your opportunities limited for lack of a diploma, the best way to remedy that is to earn a General Educational Development, or GED. Almost a million people a year earn a GED, and it's accepted as equal to a high school diploma by almost all companies and colleges in the country.
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The following questions refer to the this passage:
Are You SAD?
(1) If you are like many people, the coming of winter gets you down. (2) Some hibernation tendencies are normal. (3). If you notice true depression a sense of hopelessness less energy, or anxiety you may be suffering from seasonal affective disorder, also known as SAD. (4) Some people experience SAD during spring and summer for most people, however, winter is the season to be SAD.
(5) Researchers are not certainly what causes SAD. (6) One suggestion is that having our regular body rhythms disrupted when less sunlight is available is the culprit. (7) Another study blames increased production of melatonin, a hormone related to sleep. (8) During the dark winter months, the body makes more melatonin. (9) At the same time, it makes less serotonin, the brain chemical that effects our moods. (10) Fewer sunlight means less serotonin. (11) Risk factors has not been identified.
(12) Most people with SAD just tough it out and waiting for spring. (13) If you have symptoms that last more than two weeks, it is time to see a doctor. (14) People with mild cases of SAD need to spend time outside, exercise regularly, and go to social events or travel. (15) The good news is that spring always comes?
1. Sentence 1: “If you are like many people, the coming of winter gets you down.”
If you rewrote sentence 1. beginning with the words the coming of winter gets you down, the next words would be
a. like many
b. you are
c. are like
d. many people
e. if you
2. Sentence 3: “If you notice true depression a sense of hopelessness less energy, or anxiety, you may be suffering from seasonal affective disorder, also known as SAD.”
What correction should be made to this sentence?
a. remove the comma after disorder
b. place a comma after hopelessness
c. capitalize seasonal affective disorder
d. begin the sentence with suffering
e. no correction is needed
3. Sentence 4: “Some people experience SAD during spring and summer for most people, however, winter is the season to be SAD.”
Which of the following is the best way to write the underlined portion of the sentence? If you think the original is the best way to write the sentence, choose option 1..
a. and summer for most
b. and summer, for most
c. and summer: for most
d. and summer; for most
e. and summer. for most
4. Sentence 5: “Researchers are not certainly what causes SAD.”
What correction should be made to this sentence?
a. change certainly to certain
b. do not use capital letters for SAD
c. end the sentence with a question mark
d. change Researchers to Resurchers
e. no correction is necessary
5. Sentence (8): “During the dark winter months, the body makes more melatonin.”
If you rewrote sentence (8) beginning with the words The body makes more melatonin, the next words would be
a. winter months
b. during the
c. dark winter
d. the dark
e. months the
Questions 6 and 7 refer to the following information:
|Year||Estimated Number of People Headed West|
6. Based on your general knowledge, what event caused the increased rate of westward movement between 1844 and 1848?
a. Silver was discovered in Nevada.
b. The Transcontinental Railroad was completed.
c. Roman Catholics developed missions along the California coast.
d. The motion picture industry began in California.
e. Gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill in California.
7. Given the increase of population, which of the following statements is most likely to be true?
a. More children were being born in 1849 and 1858.
b. Most of the new migrants were women who wanted to open businesses.
c. The Civil War increased the westward migration.
d. Cities and towns in the West grew and supported many businesses.
e. Many people died on the way west, primarily because of harsh climate conditions.
Questions 8–9 refer to the following selection:
Why Has He Come?
He had returned in early spring. It was autumn before he found her.
A quiet college town in the hills, a broad, shady street, a pleasant house standing in its own lawn, with trees and flowers about it. He had the address in his hand, and the number showed clear on the white gate. He walked up the straight gravel path and rang the bell. And elderly servant opened the door.
“Does Mrs. Morroner live here?’
“This is number twenty-eight?
“Who does live here?”
“Miss Wheeling, sir.”
Ah! Her maiden name. They had told him, but he had forgotten.
He stepped inside. “I would like to see her,” he said.
He was ushered into a still parlor, cool and sweet with the scent of flowers, the flowers she had always loved best. It almost brought tears to his eyes. All their years of happiness rose in his mind again—the exquisite beginnings; the days of eager longing before she was really his; the deep, still beauty of her love.
Surely she would forgive him—she must forgive him. He would humble himself; he would tell her of his honest remorse—his absolute determination to be a different man.
Through the wide doorway there came in to him two women. One like a tall Madonna, bearing a baby in her arms.
Marion, calm, steady, definitely impersonal, nothing but a clear pallor to hint of inner stress.
Gerta, holding the child as a bulwark, with a new intelligence in her face, and her blue, adoring eyes fixed on her friend—not upon him.
He looked from one to the other dumbly.
And the woman who had been his wife asked quietly:
“What have you to say to us?”
- selection from Turned by Charlotte Perkins Gilman
8. The man is looking for a woman so that he can
a. propose marriage to her.
b. invite her to a party.
c. ask for forgiveness.
d. hire her as a governess.
e. learn a foreign language.
9. What effect does the description of the setting suggest?
a. This is an orderly, peaceful, and lovely spot.
b. A storm is coming, and the wind is increasing.
c. The sea is nearby, and the waves are crashing.
d. Great changes are about to take place.
e. The household is packing to leave.
10. Jamie had $6.50 in his wallet when he left home. He spent $4.25 on drinks and $2.00 on a magazine. Later, his friend repaid him $2.50 that he had borrowed the previous day. How much money does Jamie have in his wallet?
Question 11 is based upon the following table:
|1 meter||1.094 yard|
|2.54 centimeter||1 inch|
|1 kilogram||2.205 pound|
|1 liter||1.06 quart|
11. A sailboat is 19 meters long. What is its length in inches?
12 Which of the following expressions is equivalent to x3x5?
13. If , what is the value of x?
14. A process that can lead to igneous rock formation is:
e. Volcanic activity
15. Which of the following rock types is formed at the greatest distances below the Earth’s surface?
1. E:This is an exercise in reconstructing the sentence, moving the independent clause to the usual position at the beginning of the sentence. Therefore, if you becomes the beginning of the dependent clause. Choice 1. is incorrect; to begin with these words makes an impossible clause. Choice 2. is also wrong; there is no need to drop if from the clause. Choice 3. is not correct; beginning with a verb is not a good choice. Option 4. would require an entire rewriting of the sentence; therefore, it is incorrect.
2. B: Items in a series, which is what we have in this sentence, need commas between them. The first option is wrong. The comma is necessary to set off the descriptive phrase that follows. There is no need to capitalize the name of a disease, so answer 3. is incorrect. This is not a question about restructuring sentences; even if it were, beginning with suffering would not solve the issue. Choice 4., therefore, is incorrect. There is clearly an error in the sentence, making choice 5. wrong.
3. D: As it stands, the sentence is a run-on. Because the two independent clauses are related, placing a semicolon between them is an elegant solution. Choice 1. is wrong; the original is a run-on, which is incorrect. Placing a comma between two independent clauses does not correct the problem, making choice 2. also incorrect. Choice 3. is wrong as well; a colon cannot be used to separate independent clauses. Choice 5. would be accurate if for were capitalized. Because it is not, however, this is also an incorrect option.
4. A: The sentence does not call for an adverb but for a predicate adjective to modify the subject, researchers. Answer 2. is incorrect. Because SAD is an acronym, it requires the use of capital letters. The group of words is not interrogatory; therefore, it does not need to end with a question mark. Choice 3. is thus incorrect. Likewise, option 4. is not correct. The word is correctly spelled as written. Choice 5. is also wrong; the use of an adverb to modify the subject is not grammatically correct.
5. B: The question is designed to test students’ ability to restructure a sentence, in this case, by placing the independent clause first, its most frequent position in a sentence. The prepositional phrase must follow, beginning with during the. Option 1. is not correct. These two words conclude, not begin, the prepositional phrase. Answer 3., likewise, is wrong. These two words modify the object of the prepositional phrase; beginning with them is not grammatically possible. Answer 4. offers two more modifiers of the object of the prepositional phrase and is thus incorrect. Option 5. takes a word from both the prepositional phrase and the independent clause, which is not the right solution.
6. E: In 1848, gold was discovered in California at John Sutter’s mill, leading to the migration known as the Forty-Niners. The silver rush in Nevada came later, making number 1 incorrect. The transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, which is not included in the chart; number 2 is not a viable response. Number 3 is also incorrect because the founding of Spanish missions in California and the Southwest had occurred several centuries earlier. The beginning of the motion picture industry did not occur until the twentieth century. Thus answer number 4 is also incorrect.
7. D: With an increasing population, cities and towns sprang up and became sites of hotels, brothels, laundries, and saloons. Number 1 is not likely; most of the migration consisted of men coming to seek their fortunes and planning to return east. The key term in number 2 is most. Although the women who went west often did establish businesses, most of the new migrants were men. The Civil War did not begin until 1860, more than a decade after the Gold Rush. The harsh climate conditions were not the only reason for the deaths that occurred during western migration. In any case, death would not be a contributor to increased population.
8. C: The lines that indicate this is correct are those referring to her surely forgiving him, his honest remorse, and determination to be a new man.
9. A: Adjectives reinforcing this idea include quiet, shady, pleasant, white, cool, and sweet. The second choice cannot be supported by the text; there is no indication of a storm or wind. The sea and its waves are absent from the passage, eliminating choice 3. Response 4 is not clearly stated in the text; we do not read of anything indicative of changes about to occur. The fifth option, likewise, is absent from the text; there is no suggestion of packing or of luggage waiting to be taken out.
10. D: Jamet had $2.75 after all the transactions described. To solve this problem, first subtract $4.25 and $2.00 from the initial sum of $6.50, leaving $0.25. Then add $2.50, arriving at the final answer of $2.75.
11. D: There are two ways to solve this problem: either convert meters to centimeters and then use the conversion factor in the table to convert centimeters to inches, or else use the table to convert meters to yards, and then convert to inches.
In the first instance, recall that there are 100 centimeters in a meter (centi means “hundredth”). Therefore 19m = 1900cm = = 748 inches.
In the second instance, recall that there are 36 inches in a yard, therefore 19m = 19x1.094 = 20.768yd = 20.768 x 36 = 748 inches.
Proportions are commonly used for conversions. After converting meters to centimeters set up proportions to solve for an unknown variable, x.
Cross multiply to get: 1900 = 2.54x, then divide each side by 2.54 to solve for x. x = 748
12. D: In order to multiply two powers that have the same base, add their exponents. Therefore, x3x5 = x3+5 = x8.
Also note that x3=x∙x∙x; therefore the expression equals x∙x∙x ∙ x∙x∙x∙x∙x
13. B: A proportion such as this can be solved by taking the cross product of the numerators and denominators from either side.
Cross multiply to get: 30x = 72, then divide each side by 30. x = 2.4
14. E: Volcanic activity allows molten magma to reach the surface of the Earth, where it cools and solidifies into rock, a process akin to freezing. As the diagram and text both indicate, these types of rocks are known as igneous rocks. Examples of igneous rocks are obsidian and basalt. The type of igneous rock formed depends upon the chemical composition of the magma.
15. B: Metamorphic rocks (“metamorphic” means “changed form”) are formed at great depths, usually from sedimentary precursors. As more and more sediment accumulates above them, the increased pressure and heat forces the relatively open crystal structure of the sedimentary rocks to collapse and adopt a denser structure. Examples of metamorphic rocks are quartz and gneiss.
by Kelley O'Connor
Last Updated: 05/12/2013
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