Phlebotomy Certification Examination
Phlebotomists work with other medical professionals concerning the processing of blood samples. Their work with blood samples has a direct impact on patients and their medical care. Phlebotomy certification proves to colleagues, patients, and the public that this phlebotomist has a high level of expertise and competency.
To take the phlebotomy certification examination, candidates must have completed a program that includes the teaching of venipuncture techniques and a clinical practicum. The program for venipuncture techniques must have a minimum of 160 hours of face-to-face lecture time, and the practicum portion must be at least 200 hours in length.
Those who have not completed a formal phlebotomy academic program, but are currently employed in the field, are also eligible to take the examination, provided that they meet the following criteria:
• The candidate must be currently employed and have phlebotomy duties included in their formal job description.
• The candidate must have at least one year of paid or volunteer work experience in the profession of phlebotomy. Clinical experience is not acceptable for the purposes of taking the phlebotomy certification examination.
• A letter from the candidate’s employer or supervisor verifying the length of time that he has been employed in the field of phlebotomy must be included in the candidate’s examination application material.
The National Phlebotomy Association certification examination is a two-part examination, a) a written portion, and b) a practical portion. The written portion takes approximately two hours to complete and the practical portion takes approximately one hour to complete. Candidates are given a total of three hours in which to complete the entire examination.
The applicant will need to report to the testing site at least 30 minutes prior to the scheduled start time of his examination. Tests produce anxiety in many people; therefore, allow plenty of time to find the test site and to mentally prepare for the test. After arriving at the test site, take a few minutes to regain calm and focus before entering the examination room.
If rescheduling an examination is necessary, notify the National Phlebotomy Association at least 10 days in advance. Personal and medical emergencies that fall outside of the 10-day window are evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Personal or medical emergencies that preclude taking the examination as scheduled require a written explanation and documentation submitted to the National Phlebotomy Association as soon as possible.
Failure on the first attempt of the phlebotomy certification examination requires written permission from the National Phlebotomy Association to retake the examination within one year of failing. Three attempts to pass the certification examination are allowed; after three failures, the applicant will be permanently ineligible for phlebotomy certification.
Phlebotomy Exam Video Review
Free Phlebotomy Practice Test Questions
1. Which of the following is an example of vector transmission?
B. Salmonella infection
C. Bubonic plague
2. Which of the following statements regarding standard precautions for infection control is FALSE?
A. Use both hands to recap needles
B. Hands should be washed before putting on and after removing gloves
C. Standard precautions apply to all secretions except sweat
D. Resuscitation devices may be used as an alternative to the mouth-to-mouth method
3. Which of the following symbols is NOT included on the Joint Commission “Do Not Use” list?
4. The normal range for blood glucose level in a healthy adult is
A. 65-110 mg/dL
B. 45-65 mg/dL
C. 55-75 mg/dL
D. 45-90 mg/dL
5. Which of the following tests may be performed together to assess clotting abnormalities?
A. ACT and PT
B. ACT and APPT
C. PT and PTT
D. PT and PP
Answers & Explanations
1. C: The transmission of bubonic plague by fleas from rodents is an example of vector transmission; tuberculosis is spread via airborne transmission. Transmission of salmonella infection associated with handling contaminated food and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection through blood transfusion are examples of vehicle transmission.
2. A: Never use both hands to recap a needle; hands should be washed both before putting on and after removing gloves. Standard precautions should be followed for all body fluids except sweat; resuscitation devices may be used as an alternative to mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
3. B: IV is an acceptable acronym; however, IU, or international unit, is often confused with IV and thus should not be used. U should be written out as “unit” and QD as “daily.”
4. A: Normal blood glucose levels for a healthy adult should range from 65 to 110 mg/dL.
5. C: The prothrombin time (PT) test may be used in conjunction with partial thromboplastin time (PTT) to assess a patient’s total clotting abnormalities; activated coagulation time (ACT) is used to monitor heparin therapy. APPT stands for activated partial thromboplastin time and PP postprandial testing.