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Read the following passage, and then answer the questions that follow. How a man uses money - makes it, saves it, and spends it - is perhaps one of the best tests of practical wisdom. Although money ought by no means to be regarded as a chief end of man's life, neither is it a trifling matter, to be held in philosophic contempt, representing as it does to so large an extent, the means of physical comfort and social well-being. Indeed, some of the finest qualities of human nature are intimately related to the right use of money; such as generosity, honesty, justice, and self- sacrifice; as well as the practical virtues of economy and providence. On the other hand, there are their counterparts of avarice, fraud, injustice, and selfishness, as displayed by the inordinate lovers of gain; and the vices of thriftlessness, extravagance, and improvidence, on the part of those who misuse and abuse the means entrusted to them. "So that," as is wisely observed by Henry Taylor in his thoughtful 'Notes from Life,' "a right measure and manner in getting, saving, spending, giving, taking, lending, borrowing, and bequeathing, would almost argue a perfect man."
Comfort in worldly circumstances is a condition which every man is justified in striving to attain by all worthy means. It secures that physical satisfaction, which is necessary for the culture of the better part of his nature; and enables him to provide for those of his own household. Nor ought the duty to be any the less indifferent to us, that the respect which our fellow-men entertain for us in no slight degree depends upon the manner in which we exercise the opportunities which present themselves for our honourable advancement in life. The very effort required to be made to succeed in life with this object, is of itself an education; stimulating a man's sense of self-respect, bringing out his practical qualities, and disciplining him in the exercise of patience, perseverance, and such like virtues. The provident and careful man must necessarily be a thoughtful man, for he lives not merely for the present, but with provident forecast makes arrangements for the future. He must also be a temperate man, and exercise the virtue of self-denial, than which nothing is so much calculated to give strength to the character. John Sterling says truly, that "the worst education which teaches self denial, is better than the best which teaches everything else, and not that." The Romans rightly employed the same word (virtus) to designate courage, which is in a physical sense what the other is in a moral; the highest virtue of all being victory over ourselves.
1. What is the main idea of this passage?
2. The author's purpose in writing this essay is:
3. Which is the best synonym for the word providence?
4. What would be the author's response to those who say that poverty is noble?
5. Which word best describes the author's attitude to Henry Taylor?
6. What does the author imply by saying that money provides 'physical satisfaction, which is necessary for the cultivation of the better part of his nature'?
7. What does the author mean by the comment, 'The very effort required to be made to succeed in life with this object, is of itself an education'?
8. Why must the 'provident and careful man' be a thoughtful man?
9. The author brings up the Roman word for courage to illustrate:
10. What is the definition of the word temperate as it is used in this essay?
1. D. The thrust of the essay is that money provides an opportunity for developing self-discipline and generosity.
2. D. The author is aware that money is often associated with vices like greed or miserliness.
3. A. Here, providence means clear foresight and planning for the future.
4. B. The author states that a person can only cultivate him or herself after attaining financial security.
5. A. The author clearly agrees with the thoughts expressed by Taylor.
6. B. The author believes that some money is necessary in order to be just and generous.
7. C. The author asserts that a person will need to learn self-discipline and restraint in order to succeed financially.
8. D. The author states that it is an important virtue to be mindful of the future.
9. D. The author wants to underscore how personal and physical bravery were combined in one word by the Romans.
10. C. The word temperate means to deny oneself all diversions and distractions from one's duty.
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